Jet fuels are liquids of liquid hydrocarbons and are designed for jet propulsion. In principle, these are kerosene fractions or mixtures of kerosene and benzene fractions with different additives. The first jet fuel used for the propulsion of airborne gas turbine engines was light petroleum, in the United Kingdom called kerosene. Today, JET A-1 is in use in our area, which is a kerosene fraction of oil with a boiling temperature in the temperature range of 170 ° C to 300 ° C (in its quality meets the requirements of military and civil aviation). In ensuring safe operation of jet engines in all regimes and in all fuel conditions, they must have a secure quality. By chemical composition jet fuel are complex compounds and consist of the basic four groups of hydrocarbons: paraffin, naphthene, aromatic and olefin. Gases and particles which result from combustion of aircraft fuel are: water vapour (H2O), carbon dioxide, CO2, nitrogen monoxide, NO, nitrogen monoxide, NO2, sulfuric oxides, SOx and soot.
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